MalakMalak
also called:
Akana, Djiramo, Nguluk Wanggar, Valli-valli
dialects with:   
Tyerraty
various spellings:   
Northern Daly Grouping   

MalakMalak country straddles the Daly River, running westward for some 50km or so from just below the Daly River crossing. MalakMalak is one of the two recognised ‘Northern Daly’ dialects, with its sister dialect Tyerraty (also known as ‘Kuwema’, ‘Dek Tyerraty’ and ‘PunguPungu’) on the river to its immediate west and extending up through the hinterland on the north-west. Gungarakany is to the north, and Wagiman to the east. On its southern boundaries are Southern Daly, Eastern Daly & Western Daly languages.

Only a few full speakers of MalakMalak remain, primarily based at Woolianna, where the language continues to be documented (Hoffman, 2013, 2015). This contemporary work builds on Tryon’s earlier (1974) sketch grammar, Birk’s PhD (published as Birk 1976), and Lindsay’s (2001) account of MalakMalak ethno-botany.

Ian Green’s corpus of MalakMalak consists of 36 hours of grammatical, lexical and phonological elicitation with Jimmy Tapnguk.

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Dorothea, Hoffmann (collector), 2015 (compiled between 2012 and 2015). Documenting MalakMalak, an endangered language of Northern Australia. London: Endangered Languages Archive (ELAR), University of London. 136 resource bundles. Media: audio, video, text, image

an Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 17/05/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFB3E9822

Dorothea, Hoffmann (collector), 2015 (compiled between 2012 and 2015). Documenting MalakMalak, an endangered language of Northern Australia. London: Endangered Languages Archive (ELAR), University of London. 136 resource bundles. Media: audio, video, text, image

Ian Green (collector), 1990; MalakMalak 01/11/1990 (1), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DF72EE7AB

Ian Green (collector), 1990; MalakMalak 01/11/1990 (2), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DF781B0F6

Ian Green (collector), 1990; Malakmalak 01/11/1990 (3), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DF7DAD405

Ian Green (collector), 1990; MalakMalak 04/12/90, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DF9E46C5A

Ian Green (collector), 1990; MalakMalak 05/12/90 (1), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DF92CF247

Ian Green (collector), 1990; MalakMalak 05/12/90 (2), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFA421610

Ian Green (collector), 1990; MalakMalak 27/11/90, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DF8893A12

Ian Green (collector), 1990; MalakMalak 29/11/90, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DF831B495

Ian Green (collector), 1990; MalakMalak 29/11/90, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DF8DB7C53

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 01/06/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFE9705FB

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 14/06/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFF3C8309

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 16/05/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFAE9DCB2

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 18/05/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFB92987B

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 19/05/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-06. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFBEA3486

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 20/05/91 (1), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFC43B95F

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 20/05/91 (2), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFC9C60A7

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 21/05/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFCEC6BBB

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 24/5/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFD3DC2DE

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 28/5/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFD982CD0

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 29/5/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFDEDCEA2

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 30/5/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFE454525

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 31/05/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFEE8E89E

Ian Green (collector), 1991; MalakMalak 31/05/91, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFEE8E89E

Ian Green (collector), 1992; MalakMalak 22/05/92 (1), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFF917817

Ian Green (collector), 1992; MalakMalak 22/05/92 (2), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707DFFEEF843

Ian Green (collector), 1992; MalakMalak 23/05/92, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707E00484540

Ian Green (collector), 1992; MalakMalak 24/05/92, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707E009BE05A

Ian Green (collector), 1992; MalakMalak 25/05/92 (1), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707E00F3F739

Ian Green (collector), 1992; MalakMalak 25/05/92 (2), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707E01499473

Ian Green (collector), 1992; MalakMalak 26/05/92 (2), X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707E01A1DC6B

Ian Green (collector), 1992; MalakMalak 27/05/92, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707E01FBC4B4

Ian Green (collector), 1992; MalakMalak 29/05/92, X-WAV/MPEG, 2016-05-09. DOI: 10.4225/72/5707E02A5D63E

Birk, David B.W. 1976. The Malakmalak language, Daly River (Western Arnhem land). Canberra: Australian National University

Hoffmanm, Dorothea. (submitted manuscript). Usage Patterns of Spatial Frames of Reference and Orientation: Evidence from three Australian languages.

Hoffmann, Dorothea. 2014. Mapping the language: how a dying language loses its place in the world. In Ghil'ad Zuckermann, Julia Miller, and Jasmin Morley (eds.), Endangered Words, Signs of Revival, 1-18. Adelaide: Australex.

Hoffmann, Dorothea. 2015. Serialization in Complex Predicates in MalakMalak: LSA Annual Meeting, Portland [Linguistics Society of America]

Hoffmann, Dorothea. 2016. Mapping Worlds: Frames of Reference in MalakMalak. In Matthew Faytak, Kelsey Neely, Matthew Goss, Erin Donelly, Nicholas Baier, Jevon Heath & John Merrill (eds.), Proceedings of the thirty-ninth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society, 380-395. The University of California, Berkeley

Hoffmann, Dorothea. 2016. Multi-verb constructions in two languages of Northern Australia. LSA Annual Meeting Extended Abstracts, Vol. 7: Washington, DC

Lindsay, Biddy Yingguny. 2001. MalakMalak and Matngala plants and animals: Aboriginal flora and fauna knowledge from the Daly River area, Northern Australia. Darwin: Parks and Wildlife Commission of the Northern Territory

Lindsay, Biddy Yungguny, Rita Pirak, Francis Mijat & Dorothea Hoffmann (ed.). 2016. MalakMalak-English Dictionary: A Draft. Chicago: self-published

Lindsay, Biddy Yungguny, Rita Pirak, Francis Mijat, et al., & Dorothea Hoffman (ed.). 2013. Kumugut: The Story of the Blue-Tongue Lizard. Darwin: self-published

Tryon, D. T. 1974. Chapter 1: MullukMulluk. Daly family languages, Australia, 1–23. (Series C 32). Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.