MalakMalak
also called:
Akana, Djiramo, Nguluk Wanggar, Valli-valli
dialects with:   
Tyerraty
various spellings:   
Northern Daly Grouping   

MalakMalak country straddles the Daly River, running westward for some 50km or so from just below the Daly River crossing. MalakMalak is one of the two recognised ‘Northern Daly’ dialects, with its sister dialect Tyerraty (also known as ‘Kuwema’, ‘Dek Tyerraty’ and ‘PunguPungu’) on the river to its immediate west and extending up through the hinterland on the north-west. Gungarakany is to the north, and Wagiman to the east. On its southern boundaries are Southern Daly, Eastern Daly & Western Daly languages.

Only a few full speakers of MalakMalak remain, primarily based at Woolianna, where the language continues to be documented (Hoffman, 2013, 2015). This contemporary work builds on Tryon’s earlier (1974) sketch grammar, Birk’s PhD (published as Birk 1976), and Lindsay’s (2001) account of MalakMalak ethno-botany.

Ian Green’s corpus of MalakMalak consists of 36 hours of grammatical, lexical and phonological elicitation with Jimmy Tapnguk.

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Dorothea, Hoffmann (collector), 2015 (compiled between 2012 and 2015). Documenting MalakMalak, an endangered language of Northern Australia. London: Endangered Languages Archive (ELAR), University of London. 136 resource bundles. Media: audio, video, text, image

IG8-N01, MalakMalak, 1990, field notes

IG8-N02, MalakMalak, 1990, field notes

IG8-N03, MalakMalak, 1990, field notes

IG8-N04, MalakMalak, 1991, field notes

Dorothea, Hoffmann (collector), 2015 (compiled between 2012 and 2015). Documenting MalakMalak, an endangered language of Northern Australia. London: Endangered Languages Archive (ELAR), University of London. 136 resource bundles. Media: audio, video, text, image

IG8-002, MalakMalak, 01/11/1990, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-003, MalakMalak, 01/11/1990, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-004, MalakMalak, 01/11/1990, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-005, MalakMalak, 29/11/90, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-006, MalakMalak, 27/11/90, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-007, MalakMalak, 29/11/90, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-008, MalakMalak, 05/12/90, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-010, MalakMalak, 04/12/90, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-011, MalakMalak, 05/12/90, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-013, MalakMalak, 16/05/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-014, MalakMalak, 17/05/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-015, MalakMalak, 18/05/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk; Smith)

IG8-016, MalakMalak, 19/05/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-017, MalakMalak, 20/05/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-018, MalakMalak, 20/05/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-019, MalakMalak, 21/05/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-020, MalakMalak, 24/5/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-021, MalakMalak, 28/5/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-022, MalakMalak, 29/5/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-023, MalakMalak, 30/5/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-024, MalakMalak, 01/06/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-025, MalakMalak, 31/05/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-025, MalakMalak, 31/05/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-026, MalakMalak, 14/06/91, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-027, MalakMalak, 22/05/92, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-028, MalakMalak, 22/05/92, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-029, MalakMalak, 23/05/92, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-030, MalakMalak, 24/05/92, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-031, MalakMalak, 25/05/92, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-032, MalakMalak, 25/05/92, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-033, MalakMalak, 26/05/92, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-034, MalakMalak, 27/05/92, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

IG8-036, MalakMalak, 29/05/92, audio (as spoken by: Tapnguk)

Birk, David B.W. 1976. The Malakmalak language, Daly River (Western Arnhem land). Canberra: Australian National University

Hoffmanm, Dorothea. (submitted manuscript). Usage Patterns of Spatial Frames of Reference and Orientation: Evidence from three Australian languages.

Hoffmann, Dorothea. 2014. Mapping the language: how a dying language loses its place in the world. In Ghil'ad Zuckermann, Julia Miller, and Jasmin Morley (eds.), Endangered Words, Signs of Revival, 1-18. Adelaide: Australex.

Hoffmann, Dorothea. 2015. Serialization in Complex Predicates in MalakMalak: LSA Annual Meeting, Portland [Linguistics Society of America]

Hoffmann, Dorothea. 2016. Mapping Worlds: Frames of Reference in MalakMalak. In Matthew Faytak, Kelsey Neely, Matthew Goss, Erin Donelly, Nicholas Baier, Jevon Heath & John Merrill (eds.), Proceedings of the thirty-ninth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society, 380-395. The University of California, Berkeley

Hoffmann, Dorothea. 2016. Multi-verb constructions in two languages of Northern Australia. LSA Annual Meeting Extended Abstracts, Vol. 7: Washington, DC

Lindsay, Biddy Yingguny. 2001. MalakMalak and Matngala plants and animals: Aboriginal flora and fauna knowledge from the Daly River area, Northern Australia. Darwin: Parks and Wildlife Commission of the Northern Territory

Lindsay, Biddy Yungguny, Rita Pirak, Francis Mijat & Dorothea Hoffmann (ed.). 2016. MalakMalak-English Dictionary: A Draft. Chicago: self-published

Lindsay, Biddy Yungguny, Rita Pirak, Francis Mijat, et al., & Dorothea Hoffman (ed.). 2013. Kumugut: The Story of the Blue-Tongue Lizard. Darwin: self-published

Tryon, D. T. 1974. Chapter 1: MullukMulluk. Daly family languages, Australia, 1–23. (Series C 32). Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.